Kaalam: The Official Institutional Repository of Northern Iloilo State University

Kaalam serves as a central repository for NISU, dedicated to storing, preserving, and disseminating the university’s intellectual properties. This includes publications, research materials, theses and dissertations, inventions, literary works, data, and other related items.

Specifically, Kaalam aims to:

  1. Providing a platform for faculty members, staff, researchers, and students of NISU to store, preserve, and share their intellectual properties;
  2. Providing unrestricted access to the full texts and/or metadata of the intellectual properties held by NISU to support academic and scholarly endeavors;
  3. Ensuring global dissemination of these intellectual properties; and
  4. Strengthening the visibility, impact, and influence of NISU through increased citations of its intellectual works.
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Recent Submissions

PublicationOpen Access
Tax management system for local government unit with SMS notification
Bañes, Arnold B. (International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis, 2023)
This study aimed to design and develop a Tax Management System for Local Government Unit with SMS Notification and evaluate the degree of acceptability and performance efficiency in the perception of the respondents. It is a computer-based information system aimed at providing information of the tax payers and their payment history in fast and easy manner. Developmental and descriptive research design was employed in this study. A system prototype was developed to implement the core functionalities as required by the target users to meet design specification. This study was conducted at the Treasurer Office in the Municipality of Estancia, Iloilo with a total of 50 respondents. When respondents were asked as to the degree of acceptability of the developed system in terms of security, it yielded a response of strongly agree. In terms of confidentiality, the developed system was described as strongly agree. The result showed that the performance efficiency of the developed system in terms of time behavior was also described as strongly agree. In terms of responsiveness, the developed system was also described as strongly agree. From the results stated above, this simply showed that the respondents were very much contented with the security, confidentiality, and efficiency of the developed system.
PublicationOpen Access
Implementation of ICT continuity plan (ICTCP) in the Higher Education Institutions (HEI’s): SUC’s awareness and its status
Cofino, Chester L.; Balogo, Ken M.; Alegia, Jefrey G.; Cruz, Michael Marvin P.; Alejado, Jr., Benjamin B.; Wenceslao, Felicisimo (The Science and Information Organization, 2023)
The purpose of this study was to assess the level of awareness of the management and the personnel within the academic institution and identify the implementation status of the ICTCP to the implementing SUCs. The researchers used the BCM Framework was utilized in this study as the model for identifying the level of awareness of the personnel within the institution about the ICTCP. The research respondents were the personnel employed in the different States, Universities, and Colleges (SUCs) within the province of Negros Occidental. The respondents were selected through random sampling, they were provided by a google form link to answer the survey questionnaire. A total of thirty-five (35) IT personnel were included in the study's sample size. It was found out that most SUCs have consistent ICT system uptime because they can continuously provide services; surprisingly, this is independent of an ICT business continuity plan. Most SUCs do not entirely implement their ICT business continuity plans. Lastly, it is recommended that SUCs can significantly enhance service delivery if ICT business continuity planning is taken seriously, adopted, and entirely carried out.
ItemOpen Access
Physicochemical properties, total plate count, and sensory acceptability of gummy guyabano (Annona muricata) candy enriched with kappacarrageenan
Minguito, Joram (Institute of Advanced Science Extension, 2023)
Gummy candy is usually made of gelatin- sourced from animals. This study incorporated (κ) kappa-carrageenan-A polysaccharide extract from seaweeds into the gummy guyabano (Annona muricata Linnaeus) candy’s formulation. κ-carrageenan was incorporated into the gummy guyabano candy at 0%, 1%, 3%, and 5% concentration for CO, T1, T2, and T3, respectively. The effect of incorporating kappa-carrageenan into gummy guyabano candy in terms of physicochemical properties, total plate count, and sensory acceptability was investigated. Results showed that an increase in the addition of κ-car resulted in an increment in most of the physicochemical properties, e.g., carbohydrate content (42.66 ± .98 - 44.93 ± .74) and crude fiber with values 00.19 ± .07 to 00.40 ± .11. Further, a decreasing value for crude protein (16.07 ± .74 - 15.48 ± .24), and fat content (00.32 ± .14 - 00.02 ± .03) was noted. However, no significant difference was found in crude protein. Gel strength was affected by the increasing addition of κ-car. Values recorded were 1029.67 ± 62.74, 735.00 ± 31.19, 1369.33 ± 54.00, and 1278.00 ± 93.54 for CO, T1, T2, and T3, respectively. Total plate count rose as the percentage of κ-car increased, from <250 EAPC/g to 4.66 x 104 cfu/g, but results were within the range of the recommended TPC values by FDA for confectionery products. Moreover, results of sensory acceptability revealed that all formulations were generally accepted, with "Like Moderately" as the lowest rating and the highest rating as "Like Very Much." Thus, kappa-carrageenan has enriched the physicochemical properties of gummy guyabano candy.
ItemOpen Access
Catch and trade of sea cucumbers in Getafe, Bohol, Philippines
Minguito, Joram T. (Indian Society for Education and Environment, 2023)
Objective: To determine the catch and trade of sea cucumbers in Nasingin, Getafe, Bohol. Methods: The study utilized a descriptive survey method using a structured questionnaire to gather information from the respondents. Respondents were taken using the snowball sampling method. All the fresh samples were weighed and identified based on their genus and species level using the field guides at the landing sites for two months sampling period. Moreover, catch per unit effort (CPUE) was obtained per catching method, and then a significant difference among them was determined. Findings: Results revealed that there were seventeen (17) identified species of sea cucumber. Out of the seventeen (17) recorded species in this study, five (5) species were regarded in a similar study as highly exploited species. Moreover, one (1) species recorded in the survey was just classified under the ”Endangered” list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). In terms of the catching method, respondents employed: compressor fishing, gleaning, skin diving, and by-catch using beach seine and triple net. It was also shown that compressor use attained the highest CPUE at 1.74 kg/hr. for April and 2.01 kg/hr. for May and triple net during daytime gained the least CPUE at 0 kg/hr. for April and 0.28 kg/hr. for May. Moreover, it was found that more fishers preferred to dispose of their caught sea cucumber fresh by size and or by species to the local assemblers rather than selling it dried or processed. Novelty: It is noteworthy that some sea cucumber species recorded in this study are still caught and traded despite their listing in IUCN as ”endangered” and in CITES Appendix II.